28th July 1914 - Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
On July 28, 1914, one month to the day after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were killed by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, effectively beginning the First World War.
The following telegram sent by Count Leopold von Berchtold (Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister) at 11.10 am to M. N. Pashitch (Serbian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister), who received it at 12.30 pm
28 July 1914
The Royal Serbian Government not having answered in a satisfactory manner the note of July 23, 1914, presented by the Austro-Hungarian Minister at Belgrade, the Imperial and Royal Government are themselves compelled to see to the safeguarding of their rights and interests, and, with this object, to have recourse to force of arms.
Austria-Hungary consequently considers herself henceforward in state of war with Serbia.
Maria Ilieva, Bulgarian artist
"What shocked me is that, 20 years after the war, their daily life is still affected by landmines."
—Veronique de Viguerie, Reportage photographer, on documenting the presence of landmines and explosive remnants of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Just west of Sarajevo lies the hamlet of Zunovica. Before the 1993-95 war in Yugoslavia, Zunovica was a quaint European village surrounded by forests and fields. After the war, residents discovered their woods and farms were infested with explosive remnants of war (ERW). Two decades later, despite repeated pleas for help to remove the ERW, Zunovica’s backyard is still littered with grenades, tank shells and ammunition. See an interview with Veronique about Bosnia’s ERW problem HERE.
In late 2013 and early 2014, five Reportage photographers undertook a group project, commissioned by the ICRC, to document landmines, cluster munitions, and unexploded remnants of war. For this project, Brent Stirton worked in Mozambique, Veronique de Viguerie in Bosnia, Marco Di Lauro in Iraq, Sebastian Liste in Nicaragua, and Paula Bronstein in Laos. Watch this space in the following week for videos about landmine clearance in these other countries.
You can also view still images from this project as published recently by CNN.com.
Western City Gate, Belgrade, Serbia.
Such an excellent example of Brutalist architecture. Absolutely love it.
Designed in 1977 by Mihajlo Mitrović